Installation Guides & Tips

SPC LVT Vinyl Flooring Installation – How To Guide

Clicking SPC Plank into Place

Installing SPC LVT flooring can be straightforward with the right preparation and tools. This guide covers everything you need to know on how to install a vinyl floor, from choosing the proper tools and preparing your subfloor to understanding different installation methods such as the floating method. Learn how to measure, acclimate your flooring, and execute the installation with detailed instructions for a professional finish. Perfect for both DIY enthusiasts and professionals, this guide ensures a smooth and efficient installation process.

Tools For installation


Before beginning your installation, gather the necessary tools to ensure a smooth process:

  • Tape Measure: For accurate measurement of the installation area.
  • Spirit Level: To ensure all planks are laid evenly across the floor.
  • Pencil: For marking precise cut lines.
  • Workbench or Sawhorse: Provides a stable surface for cutting flooring planks.
  • Combination Square: Helps maintain right angles for a professional finish.
  • Flooring Planks: The main component of your new floor.
  • Spacers, Tapping Block & Pull Bar: Essential for maintaining proper gaps and aiding in the installation of planks.
  • Rubber Mallet: Useful for gently tapping planks into place without damaging them.
  • Underlay and Underlay Tape (if needed): For a smooth, level base beneath the flooring, enhancing comfort and performance.
  • Appropriate Cutting Tools: Includes a handsaw or electric saw for cutting planks to size.
  • Chisel: For intricate adjustments around obstacles or trim.
  • Drill: Useful for installations involving pipework or other cutouts.
  • Moisture Meter: To assess the subfloor moisture levels, crucial for preventing flooring damage.
  • Beading or Skirting Boards: To finish the edges of the room for a clean look.
  • Adhesive and Trowel: For applications where glue-down installation is preferred.
  • Personal Protective Equipment: Including knee pads, safety goggles, dust masks, and ear defenders to ensure safety during installation.
Rigid SPC Vinyl Flooring Installation Icon

Installation Options

Note: This guide will provide instructions on single plank luxury vinyl flooring installation only. For parquet-specific installation instructions, please refer to our SPC parquet-specific installation guide.

Floating Method

When working with Vinyl SPC, the tiles are joined to each other, not to the subfloor. This method is ideal for the click-fit system and we would recommend installing underlay beforehand. Our SPC luxury vinyl tiles come with a built-in underlay, ensuring waterproof protection and resistance to mildew, mould, rot, and bacteria. Ensure your subfloor is clean and smooth before laying your floor.

Important Information:

SPC luxury vinyl tiles
feature a rigid core made from limestone, providing exceptional durability. These tiles use a click-joining system and include a 1mm IXPE underlay backing.

Perparing To Fit Your Floor


 

1

Check The Planks

After your flooring has been delivered, inspect your packs to ensure you’re completely happy with everything. Our wood-effect SPC flooring will have variety between planks and batches due to natural variations in the wood. Variations help create colour contrasts and deliver a more natural look.

2

Allow Acclimatisation

Allow the SPC floor to acclimatise in the installation room for 24 - 48 hours. You should keep the packs horizontal with equal weight distribution. Make sure your room temperature is between 20°C - 21°C and ensure there is no exposure to extreme elements. For underfloor heating, you should gradually increase the temperature as per your heating supplier’s guidance – this helps get the wood more familiar with the heat.

3

Prepare The Subfloor

Before laying the new floor, remove any existing flooring and ensure you have a clean, dry, and level subfloor. We recommend either a concrete or wooden subfloor. To make sure your subfloor is dry use a moisture meter, especially where concrete is used. Next, you’ll need to install a damp-proof membrane to limit any moisture reaching the engineered boards. Secure screws or nails below the surface to avoid piercing the underlay. Make sure to clear the floor of any old adhesive and debris left over from the previous floor.

4

Plan The Layout

Before you start installing the floor, look through the boards and pick out any natural grains, knots and colour variation. You can then use these boards as focal points, mixing the planks to achieve the desired look. If you come across some planks you’re not happy with, keep them for cutting or use them in hidden spots on your floor. When laying out your planks, think about which direction you want them to go. It’s usually best to run them along the longest wall. In square rooms, you can also consider how the light flows or start from the entrance. Most of our packs come with a shorter starter plank to help you begin the pattern and create a staggered effect.

5

Final Considerations

Make sure installing your floor is the last thing you do. Another important tip is to work from top to bottom of your room to minimise damage. Avoid screwing heavy furniture directly into the floor. Gluing the floor down with adhesive may be necessary for extra stability. If you have a kitchen island, this can be installed on top of the floor as long as the subfloor is level. Don’t screw the island feet directly into the floor, as this may affect the wood’s natural contractions.

Installing Your Floor


Floating Method

1

Measure Final Row Width

Calculate the width of the final row to ensure proper plank alignment. To determine the width of the final row, divide the total width of the room by the width of a single board. This will enable you to trim the first row of boards, ensuring the final row is at least 60mm wide.

2

Insert Spacers

Insert spacers between the first row and the walls to create an expansion gap of 2mm. If you’re using underfloor heating, we recommend a minimum of 5mm.

3

Lay First Plank

Lay the first plank in the corner of the longest wall with the tongue side facing the wall. Ensure this row is perfectly straight as it will guide the direction of the entire floor.

4

Stagger The Planks

Achieve a balanced and sturdy base by staggering each plank at least 30cm apart. For this, you’ll need to trim a plank at the end of each row. Position these trimmed planks so that the cut side faces the outer wall. Continue this pattern by using the remaining portion of the previous plank to stagger the joints from row to row.

5

Secure The Connection

To fully connect the planks, knock gently on the outher end. We don’t recommend using a mallet here as that could damage the click connection.

6

Continue Installation

Following the completion of the first row, link each plank to the previous row and the adjacent plank. Click each joint into the gap of the plank in front by starting at a high angle and applying gentle pressure. Upon hearing a click, lower it flat on the floor. Repeat this process to ensure all planks are connected tightly without any gaps.

7

Finalise Installation

The last row may pose a challenge, but you can achieve a snug fit using a pull bar and a rubber mallet.

Clicking SPC Plank into Place

Finishing Touches


 

Fitting Around Pipes

To accommodate pipes, mark their positions on the board and drill a hole accordingly. Then, make angled cuts to form a wedge from the edge of the board to the hole. After fitting the board around the pipe, reattach the wedge with glue behind the pipe to create a seamless look.

Fitting Around Door Frames

Start by removing the door from the frame. Align an offcut of flooring with a threshold bar to ensure it fits underneath the architrave. If necessary, trim the bottom of the architrave to the correct height using a handsaw and chisel. Also, consider trimming the bottom of the door before refitting it.

Covering Expansion Gaps

Use matching beading and thresholds to cover expansion gaps and seamlessly blend the new floors with existing walls. Avoid attaching trims directly to the flooring, as it may affect the expansion gaps.

Spare Planks For Repairs

Keep spare planks or cuttings for potential repairs in the future.

Addressing Large Expansion Gaps

If the expansion gap is too large and the skirting or moulding doesn’t cover it, cut strips from spare floorboards using a handsaw. Glue these strips into place to cover the gap.

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About Floor Warehouse

Welcome to Floor Warehouse, where spaces are transformed. Experts in a wide range of premium flooring options, we have an exquisite selection of solid and engineered wood flooring, vinyl floors in both LVT and SPC along with laminate to suit every style and need. Floor Warehouse’s commitment to sustainability and durability ensures that each product not only uplifts your interiors but stands the test of time. From the initial browse to the final click, our easy-to-navigate online store makes finding your perfect floor a delightful experience. Join us in redefining spaces with flooring that speaks of quality and design.

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